Religion, communism, and Ratu Adil; Colonialism and propaganda literature in 1920s Yogyakarta

Sri Margana


This article examines the social realities of literary works and the colonial perceptions of socio-political movement inspired by the ideologies of Islam, communism, and the Just King (Ratu Adil). The main sources for this study are four short stories published by the Resident of Yogyakarta, Louis Frederik Dingemans (1924–1927). It employs post-colonial literary theory to analyze the colonial authority's perceptions of Islam, communism and Ratu Adil, and examines how colonial rulers (as colonizers) positioned themselves as above indigenous society (the colonized) as the guardians of moral, social, and political order.



colonialism; literature; propaganda; communism; Ratu Adil

Full Text:



"Afdeling B van de Sarekat Islam: een opstandige islamitische beweging" (Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit, subfakulteit NWS/CA, Kontaktgroep Tropisch Azië, 1983)

Alexander, Jennifer, and Paul Alexander, "Shared Poverty as Ideology: Agrarian Relationships in Colonial Java" Man, Vol. 17, No. 4 (Dec. 1982), pp. 597–619

Alfian, Muhammadiyah: The Political Behaviour of a Muslim Modernist Organization under the Dutch Colonialism, (Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1989)

Carey, Peter B., Kuasa Ramalan: Diponegoro dan Akhir Tatanan Lama di Jawa, 1785-1855 (Jakarta: Gramedia, 2011)

Delair Noer, The Modernist Muslim Movement in Indonesia, 1900-1942 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973)

Dingemans, L.F. Gegeven over Djogjakarta B, 1926. (Djogjakarta: TP, 1926)

Djoko Utomo, "Pemogokan Buruh Tani di Abad ke-19: Kasus Yogyakarta, Prisma, No. 8 August 1983, p. 68.

Fasseur, C. "The France Scare: Taco Roorda and the Origins of Javanese Studies in the Netherlands", In V.J.H. Houben and H.H.J. Maier, eds., Looking in Odd Mirrors: Java and the Java Sea (Leiden: Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost Azie en Oceanie, 1992).

Hoekema, Alle, "Christianity in Asia", in John Lapp, Churches Engaged Asian Tradition: A Global Mennonite History, (Pennsylvania, Good Books, 2011),

Jedamsky, Doris, "Balai Pustaka: A Colonial Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing" Archipel, Vol. 4, (1992), pp., 23–46.

Karel Steenbrink, Catholics in Indonesia, 1808–1942: A Modest Recovery 1808–1903, (Leiden: KITLV Press, 2007)

Loomba, Ania, Kolonialisme/Pascakolonialisme, (Yogyakarta: Narasi and Pustaka Promethea, 2016)

Marieke Blumbergen, Polisi Zaman Hindia Belanda, (Jakarta: Kompas and KITLV, 2002)

Nakamura, Mitsuo, Bulan Sabit Muncul dari Balik Pohon Beringin: Studi tentang Pergerakan Muhammadiyah di Kotagede Yogyakarta, (Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1983)

Nakamura, Mitsuo, The Crescent Arise over the Bayan Tree: A Study of the Muhammadiyah Movement in Central Javanese Town, c 1910-2010 (Singapore: ISEAS, 2012)

Sartono Kartodirdjo, Laporan-Laporan Gerakan Protes di Jawa Pada Abad XX, (Jakarta: ANRI, 1981)

Shiraisi, Takashi, An Age of Motion: Popular Radicalism in Java, 1912–1926, (Cornell University Press, 1990).

Steenbrink, Karl A., Dutch Colonialism and Indonesian Islam: Contacts and Conflicts, 1596–1950, (Rodopi, 1993)

Sutherland, Heather, The Making of a Bureaucratic Elite: The Colonial Transformation of the Javanese Priyayi (Heinemann: ASAA, 1976)

Tsuchiya, Kenji "Javanology and the Age of Ranggawarsita: An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Javanese Culture" In Reading Southeast Asia (SEAP: Cornell University, 1998).

Van den Haspel, C. Ch., Overwicht in Overleg: Hervormingen van Justitie, Grondgebruik, en Bestuur in de Vorstenlanden op Java, 1880–1930, (Dordrecht/Cinnaminson: Foris Publication, 1985).

Van Niel, Robert, The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite, (W. van Hoeve, 1960).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free counters!

View My Stats