Dr Oen Boen Ing Patriot doctor, social activist, and doctor of the poor

Ravando Lie

Abstract


This article examines the efforts and achievements of Oen Boen Ing, a Tionghoa doctor, to improve the quality of health of the poorer inhabitants of Surakarta. Dr Oen played an important role in five different periods: Dutch colonialism, the Japanese occupation, the Indonesian revolution, Soekarno’s regime, and Suharto’s New Order. Known for being a benevolent doctor, activist, and patriot of the revolution during his life-time, Dr Oen also gave medical assistance to the needy, which famously earned him the accolade of “doctor of the poor”. During the Indonesian revolution, Dr Oen assisted the Student Soldiers (Tentara Pelajar) and afterwards was appointed the member of Supreme Advisory Council (Dewan Pertimbangan Agung/DPA) by Soekarno in 1949. As a benevolent doctor and activist, Dr Oen is remembered for founding the Panti Kosala Hospital which was renamed to perpetuate his name on 30 October 1983, exactly a year after his passing. When he died, thousands of peoples gathered to pay their final respects to the doctor. He was honoured with a ceremony conducted in the Mangkunegaran Palace. Dr Oen’s name will be eternally respected, especially in Surakarta.

Keywords


Oen Boen Ing; social doctor; Tionghoa; Mangkunegaran; Panti Kosala.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Archives and periodicals

Anggaran Dasar Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala No. 24, 31 Agustus 1952.

Anggaran Dasar Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala No. 60, 28 Desember 1965.

Anggaran Dasar Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala No. 45, 11 Oktober 1978.

Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad 10 May 1922.

De Indische Courant 13 December 1932.

De Locomotief 20 December 1949, 12 January 1950, 28 January 1950; 15 September 1950; 1

September 1952; 25 November 1952; 7 August 1953; 19 September 1953; 13 September 1954.

Het Nieuws van den Dag 8 December 1932.

Intisari January 1976.

Keng Po 27 November 1952.

Orgaan der Centrale Chung Hsioh September 1925, June 1926, October 1926, March 1927, April 1927.

Pikiran Rakyat 5 November 1982.

Procureur-Generaal bij het Hooggerechtshof van Nederlands-Indië, Inventaris nr. 627, nr. 628.

Sin Po Maleische Editie 31 January 1933.

Soeara Publiek 28 December 1927, 29 December 1927.

Soerabaiasch Handelsblad 27 April 1935.

Suara Merdeka 1 November 1982.

Books and articles

Adam, Ahmat. 1995. The vernacular press and the emergence of modern Indonesian consciousness. Ithaca, NY: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University. [Series, Studies on Southeast Asia 17.]

Ang Yan Goan. 2009. Memoar Ang Yan Goan; Tokoh pers yang peduli pembangunan bangsa Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Nabil, Hasta Mitra.

Benda, Harry. 1958. The crescent and the rising sun; Indonesian Islam under the Japanese occupation, 1942-1945. The Hague/Bandung: Van Hoeve.

Diffelen, R. van. 1936. ”Het onderwijs voor Chinezen”, Koloniale Studien (5 and 6): 42-63.

Enam puluh tahun mengabdi. 1993. Enam puluh tahun mengabdi; 60 Tahun Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala Solo. Surakarta: Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala.

Jubileum 25 tahun Jang Seng Ie. 1951. Jubileum 25 tahun Jang Seng Ie. Jakarta: Jang Seng Ie.

Kartodirdjo, Sartono. 1981. ”Wajah revolusi Indonesia dipandang dari perspektivisme struktural”, Prisma X/8 (August): 3-13.

Kwartanada, Didi. 2011. ”Dari Ibu Liem sampai John Lie; Sumbangsih Tionghoa di masa revolusi kemerdekaan”, Nabil Forum III (Juli 2011). [Http://web.budaya-tionghoa.net/ index.php/item/1068-dari-ibu-liem-sampai-john-lie-sumbangsih-tionghoa-di-masa- revolusi-kemerdekaan].

Kwee Kek Beng, Oen Boen Ing, and Ang Eng Tjoei (eds). 1954. Buku Peringatan Alm. Dr. Kwa Tjoan Sioe. Jakarta: Keng Po.

Lembong, Eddie. 2011. Istilah ”Cina”, ”China” dan ”Tionghoa”; Tinjauan historis dan masalah penggunaannya dewasa Ini. Jakarta: Yayasan Nabil.

Lie, Ravando. 2017. Dr. Oen; Pejuang dan pengayom rakyat kecil. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Lima puluh tahun mengabdi. 1983. Lima puluh tahun mengabdi; Rumah Sakit Panti Kosala, 1933-1983. Surakarta: Rumah Sakit Panti Kosala. [Panitia Peringatan 80 Tahun Dr. Oen Boen Ing dan 50 tahun Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala, 3 Maret 1983.]

Nursam, Muhammad. 2008. Memenuhi panggilan Ibu Pertiwi; Biografi Laksamana Muda John Lie. Yogyakarta/Jakarta: Yayasan Nabil and Ombak, 2008.

Oen Boen Ing. 1925. ”De Chineesche beweging”, Orgaan der Centrale Chung Hsioh (September): 21-28.

Pearson, Stuart. 2008. Bittersweet; The memoir of a Chinese Indonesian family in the twentieth century. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press; Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

Post, Peter. 2010. ”Historical overview; Introduction”, in: Peter Post (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Indonesia in the Pacific War, pp. 5-6. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schijf, H. and B.A.M. The. 1992. ”Chinese doctors in the Dutch East Indies; Social mobility among an ethnic trading minority in colonial society”, Indonesia 53 (April): 33-50.

Soejatno. 1974. ”Revolution and social tensions in Surakarta, 1945-1950”, Indonesia 17 (April): 99-111.

Supomo. 1958. Undang-Undang Dasar Sementara Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: Noordhoff-Kolff.

Suryadinata, Leo. 2005. ”Anti-Chinese actions in Southeast Asia; In search of causes and solutions”, in: Dewi Fortuna Anwar (ed.), Violent internal conflicts in Asia Pacific; Histories, political economies, policies, pp. 151-162. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Suryadinata, Leo and Charles Coppel. 1970. ”The use the term ’Tjina’ and ’Tionghoa’ in Indonesia; A historical survey, Papers on Far Eastern history, No. 2 (September): 97-118.

The spirit of Dr. Oen. 2003. The spirit of Dr. Oen; The spirit of giving. Surakarta: Rumah Sakit Panti Kosala. [Panitia Peringatan 100 tahun Dr. Oen Boen Ing dan 70 tahun Yayasan Kesehatan Panti Kosala, 3 Maret 2003.]

Vickers, Adrian. 2005. A history of modern Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Winarta, Frans. 2008. ”No more discrimination against the Chinese”, in: Leo Suryadinata (ed.), Ethnic Chinese in contemporary Indonesia, pp. 57-74. Singapore: ISEAS.

Yap Tjwan Bing. 1988. Meretas jalan kemerdekaan; Otobiografi seorang pejuang kemerdekaan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Interviews

Interview with Ibu Kristin 1 July 2012.

Interview with Djoenaedi Joesoef 23 April 2015.

Interview with Sulardi 24 April 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wacana.v18i2.592

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free counters!   https://lh3.ggpht.com/x7QqTfmSv9q5a91R09N98xaZcp2aoVSehSpRIc5ZfwYo28BQ-EsKqXI3pjcRZydxriU=w124 https://abs.twimg.com/icons/apple-touch-icon-192x192.png

View My Stats