Long way home The life history of Chinese-Indonesian migrants in the Netherlands

Yumi Kitamura

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to trace the modern history of Indonesia through the experience of two Chinese Indonesians who migrated to the Netherlands at different periods of time. These life stories represent both post-colonial experiences and the Cold War politics in Indonesia. The migration of Chinese Indonesians since the beginning of the twentieth century has had long history, however, most of the previous literature has focused on the experiences of the “Peranakan” group who are not representative of various other groups of Chinese Indonesian migrants who have had different experiences in making their journey to the Netherlands. This paper will present two stories as a parallel to the more commonly known narratives of the “Peranakan” experience.

Keywords


September 30th Movement; migration; Chinese Indonesians; cultural revolution; China; Curacao; the Netherlands.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin Mudzakkir. 2015. ”Hidup di Pengasingan; Eksil Indonesia di Belanda”, Masyarakat dan Budaya 17(2): 171-184.

Ang, Ien. 2001. On not speaking Chinese; Living between Asia and the West. London and New York: Routledge.

Blussé, Leonard. 1998. ”The ethnic Chinese communities in the Netherlands”, in: Wang Ling Chi and Wang Ganwu (eds), The Chinese diaspora; Selected essays; Vol. 2. pp, 148-152. Singapore: Times Academic Press.

Boer-Lasschuyt, Topaas de. 1960. ”Euroasian Repatriants in Holland”, R.E.M.P Bulletin; Research Group from European Migration Problems 8(2): 23-45.

CBS. 2016. ”Centraal Bureau voor de Statiestiek”. [Retrieved from: https://www.cbs.nl/, accessed on 2-1-2017].

Dragojlovic, Ana. 2010. ”’Sukarno’s students’; Reconfiguring notions of exile, community and remembering”, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs 44(1): 53-81.

Ersanilli, Evelyn. 2007. ”Country profiles Netherlands”. [Retrieved from: http://focus-migration.hwwi.de/ typo3_upload/groups/3/focus_Migration_Publikationen/Laenderprofile/CP11_Netherlands.pdf, accessed on 2-1-2017].

Farma Magazine. 2011. Farma Magazine (January).

Govaars, Ming. 2005. Dutch colonial education; The Chinese experience in Indonesia, 1900-1942. Singapore: Chinese Heritage Center.

Hill, David T. 2010. ”Indonesia’s exiled left as the Cold War thaws”, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs 44(1): 21-51.

Kitamura, Yumi. 2014. ”Passage to the West; The life history of Chinese Indonesians in the Netherlands” (in Japanese), Chiiki Kenkyu 14(2): 219-239.

Kraak, J.H. 1958. ”The repatriation of the Dutch from Indonesia”, R.E.M.P Bulletin; Research Group from European Migration Problems 6(2): 27-40.

Li, Minghuan. 1998. ”Living among three walls? The Peranakan Chinese in the Netherlands”, in: Elizabeth Sinn (ed.), The last half century of Chinese overseas, pp. 167-184. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Li, Minghuan. 2013. Seeing transnationally; How Chinese migrants make their dreams come true. Hangzhou: Zhejiang University Press.

Lohanda, Mona. 2002. Growing pains; The Chinese and the Dutch in colonial Java, 1890-1942. Jakarta: Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka.

Ministry of Social Work. 1958. Assistance to persons repatriated from Indonesia. Den Haag: Ministry of Social Work.

Ong, Aiwa. 1999. Flexible citizenship; The cultural logics of transnationality. Durham; Duke University Press.

Peterson, Glen. 2012. Overseas Chinese in the People’s Republic of China. London and New York: Routledge.

Rijkschroeff, Boudie, Tjaij Paul The Gwan, and Antoon Verlaan. 2010. Indonesische Cinezen in Nederland. Amsterdam: SWP.

Stutje, Klaas. 2015. ”The complex world of the Chung Hwa Hui; International engagement of Chinese Indonesian Peranakan students in the Netherlands, 1918-1931”, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 171: 516-542.

Willmott, Donald. E. 2009. The national status of the Chinese in Indonesia 1900-1958. Jakarta/Kuala Lumpur: Equinox Publishing.

Van Oers, Ricky, Betty de Hart, and Kees Groenendjik. 2013. Eudo citizenship observatory country report; The Netherlands. Florence: European University Institute.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wacana.v18i1.572

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free counters!   https://lh3.ggpht.com/x7QqTfmSv9q5a91R09N98xaZcp2aoVSehSpRIc5ZfwYo28BQ-EsKqXI3pjcRZydxriU=w124 https://abs.twimg.com/icons/apple-touch-icon-192x192.png

View My Stats