The pig story (tiboi sakkoko) Storytelling of kinship, memories of the past, and rights to plots of ancestral land in Mentawai

Juniator Tulius

Abstract


This paper examines some significant elements of the pig story (tiboi sakkoko). This tale contains crucial information about the collective identity, ancestors and historical events affecting particular Mentawai kin-groups. As families do not preserve their culture and traditions in written form, storytellers of kin-groups have narrated the pig story from generation to generation so as to preserve it carefully. In the course of time, storytellers establish particular ways of telling their stories so as to remember the content and plot of the stories easily. Through the pig story, members of kin groups also recollect their ancestral place of origin and plots of ancestral lands. The role of human memory is indispensable to recalling all these important elements. Therefore, this paper analyses memories of the past of different family generations. To achieve its aims, this paper also evaluates the roles of family stories in the culture and traditions of Mentawai society.

Keywords


Mentawai; oral tradition; family story; memory; ancestor; ancestral migration; and ancestral land

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bauman, Richard. 1986. Story, performance, and event; Contextual studies of oral narrative. Cambridge [etc.]: Cambridge University Press.

Basso, Keith H. 1996. Wisdom sits in places; Landscape and language among the Western Apache. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Bernard, H.R. 1994. Research methods in anthropology; Qualitative and quantitative approaches. London: Sage Publications.

Briggs, Charles L. 1986. Learning how to ask; A sociolinguistic appraisal of the role of the interview in social science research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bruner, Edward M. 1986. ”Experience and its expressions”, in: Victor W. Turner and Edward M. Bruner (eds), The anthropology of experience, pp. 3–30. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Carsten, Janet. 1995. “The politics of forgetting; Migration, kinship, and memory on the periphery of the Southeast Asian state”, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1(2): 317–335.

Confino, Alon. 1997. “Collective memory and cultural history; Problems of method”, The American Historical Review 102(5): 1386–1403.

Coser, Lewis A. 1992. “Introduction; Maurice Halbwachs 1877–1945”, in: Maurice Halbwachs, On collective memory; Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Lewis A. Coser, pp. 1–34. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Davis, Natalie Zemon and Randolph Starn. 1989. “Introduction”, Representations 26: 1–6.

Darmanto and Abidah B. Setyowati. 2013. Berebut Hutan Siberut; Orang Mentawai, kekuasaan, dan politik ekologi. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Feld, Steven and Keith H. Basso (eds). 1996. Sense of place. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research.

Fentress, James and Christopher J. Wickham. 1992. Social memory; New perspectives on the past. Oxford: Blackwell.

Finnegan, Ruth. 1992. Oral traditions and the verbal arts; A guide to research practices. London and New York: Routledge.

Fox, James J. 1980. “Retelling the past; the communicative structure of a Rotinese historical narrative”, Canberra Anthropology 3(1): 56–66. Geertz, Hildred and Clifford

Geertz. 1964. “Teknonymy in Bali; Parenthood, age-grading, and genealogical amnesia”, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 94(2): 94–108.

Halbwachs, Maurice. 1992. On collective memory; Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. [Translated from Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire, published by Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1952].

Hoskins, Janet. 1998. Biographical object; How things tell the story of people’s lives. London and New York: Routledge.

Loeb, Edwin M. 1928. “Mentawei social organization”, American Anthropologist 30: 408–433.

Nooy-Palm, Hetty. 1968. “The culture of the Pagai-islands and Sipora, Mentawai”, Tropical Man 1: 152–238.

Persoon, Gerard A. 2003. “Conflicts over trees and waves on Siberut Island”, Geografiska Annaler 85B(4): 253–264.

Persoon, Gerard and Reimar Schefold. 1985. Pulau Siberut; Pembangunan sosialekonomi, kebudayaan traditional, dan lingkungan hidup. Jakarta: Penerbit Bhratara Karya Aksara.

Rubin, David C. 1995. Memory in oral traditions; The cognitive psychology of epic, ballads, and counting-out rhymes. New York: Oxford University Press.

Schefold, Reimar. 1973. “Religious conceptions on Siberut, Mentawai”, Sumatra Research Bulletin (Berita Kajian Sumatera) II(2): 12–24.

Schefold, Reimar. 1988. Lia; Das grosse Ritual auf den Mentawai-Inseln (Indonesien). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer.

Schefold, Reimar. 1991. Mainan bagi roh; Kebudayaan Mentawai. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Schefold, Reimar. 2007. “Ambivalent blessings; Headhunting on Siberut (Mentawai) in a comparative Southeast Asian perspective”, Anthropos 102: 479–494.

Steedly, Mary Margaret. 1993. Hanging without a rope; Narrative experience in colonial and postcolonial Karo land. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Thompson, Paul. 2000. The voice of the past; Oral history. Third edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tonkin, Elizabeth. 1992. Narrating our pasts; The social construction of oral history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tulius, Juniator. 2012a. Family stories; Oral tradition, memories of the past, and contemporary conflicts over land in Mentawai, Indonesia. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Leiden University. [This thesis can also be accessed online on: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/20262.]

Tulius, Juniator. 2012b. “Stranded people; mythical narratives about the first inhabitants of Mentawai Islands”, Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia Vol. 14/2: 215–240.

Tulius, Juniator. 2014. “PhD thesis summary. Family stories; Oral tradition, memories of the past, and contemporary conflicts over land in Mentawai, Indonesia”, Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia Vol. 15/1: 190–200.

Vansina, Jan. 1973. Oral tradition; A study in historical methodology. [Translated from De la tradition Orale; Essai de Méthode Historique, 1961 by H. M. Wright]. Middlesex: Penguin University Books.

Wawman, Richard Charles. 1999. “House of the spirits“. [An Essential TV/ Videal Production for the Discovery Channel.]




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wacana.v17i2.450

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free counters!