Memahami “Cultural Studies” dan Multikulturalisme dari Perspektif Pascamodern

Akhyar Yusuf Lubis

Abstract


Cultural studies is a study of culture, the paradigm of which is quite different from
that of the conventional (i.e. modern) studies. If we accept this view, it means that the whole
problem of cultural reality, epistemology, and methodology cannot be used to understand and
investigate cultural studies and multiculturalism. The infeasibility of using conventional
study of culture to apprehend cultural studies and multiculturalism is related with the
principle of incommensurability between those two fields, so there are different worldviews
and rules (language games) between the two. This difference is vividly showed in character
and model of study that conceives culture as homogeneity, single identity, patterned values,
fragmented. Cultural studies and multiculturalism conceive culture as plurality, complexity,
constructed identity, dynamics, diversity, interaction, and something porous. In light of this
worldview, cultural studies, multiculturalism, and globalism, according to my analysis, must
be understood and studied from postmodern perspective or paradigm.

Keywords


Cultural studies, multikulturalisme, teori kritis, pascastrukturalisme (poststructuralism), pascamodernisme (postmodernism).

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wjhi.v6i2.350

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