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Kritik Pemikiran Arab: Metode Dekonstruksi Mohammed Arkoun

Siti Rohmah Soekarba

Abstract


Mohammed Arkoun is one of an international Islamic modern thinker that his
thought comes into Islamic thinking discourses in Indonesia recently. His Islamic thought were
influenced by the modern philosophy concepts such as “myths” of Paul Ricouer, postmodern
concepts like ‘discourse’ and ‘episteme’, which were developed by Michel Foucault as well as
‘deconstruction’ of Jacques Derrida. If Derrida focused on deconstruction of a discourse as a
final concept, on the other hand Arkoun insisted that ‘deconstruction’ must be followed by
‘reconstruction’. Arkoun’s reconstruction leaves the limitation, the rigidity and deviation
from the past. Arkoun proposes two ways: firstly it is ‘ijtihâd’ and subsequently it is Islamic
critical reason with the whole of critical meaning. In this research the method I used was
library investigation. Based on the result I came into the conclusion that Arkoun loss the
communication with the scholars in the Islamic world, particularly in the Middle East
tradition. Since then, he applied the method of deconstruction that Islamic world percept it
was going too far.

Keywords


Dekonstruksi, Arkoun, wacana, epistemologi, rekonstruksi.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wjhi.v8i1.248

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