Bahasa dan kognisi Studi korelasional tentang pemahaman teks ekspositori dan berpikir deduktif dan induktif pada siswa SMA

Ratih Ramelan

Abstract


This correlational study is to show the role of deductive and inductive reasoning
abilities as aspects of cognitive development on expository text comprehension
among high school students who already have a capacity to think in conceptual
and hyphotetical ways and to examine how they correlate and influence the text
comprehension process. This study has broaden our knowledge of language
and thinking, as it is different from other previous studies that focused on
comprehension process among elementary students, narrative, reading
strategies, and comprehension difficulties. It is found that deductive reasoning
is more significantly correlated to expository text comprehension than inductive
reasoning. There is other significant differences between natural sciences and social
sciences students in expository text comprehension and deductive reasoning,
where the average scores of the natural sciences students on both variables are
higher than those of social sciences students. It shows that the ability to analisesyntesise,
to relate some basic elements of a text, and to draw a conclusion or
main idea of the text support the process of expository text comprehension,
and can be taught and developed by learning process. Meanwhile, inductive
reasoning ability is significantly different between male and female students,
and it does not correlate to expository text comprehension.

Keywords


pemahaman teks (text comprehension), berpikir deduktif (deductive reasoning), dan berpikir induktif (inductive reasoning).

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wjhi.v10i1.179

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