Aspect and modality in Indonesian The case of sudah, telah, pernah, and sempat

Philippe Grangé

Abstract


In this paper, I describe four Indonesian aspect markers, sudah, telah, pernah, and sempat, showing that the main opposition between them relies not only on their aspectual meanings, but also on the various modalities they express. The opposition between the very frequent markers sudah and telah is analysed in detail. The syntactic and semantic survey shows that these two markers are not synonyms in most contexts.

Keywords


Indonesian, bahasa Indonesia, marker, aspect, modality, sudah, telah, pernah, and sempat.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbot, Ruth Louise. 1995. “Discourse conditions governing aspect: the use of sudah and telah in Indonesian”. Master of Arts thesis, Michigan State University.

Alieva, Natalia Fedorovna. 2001. “Is there a grammatical category of tense in Indonesian / Malay ?”. Paper, The Fifth International Symposium on Malay Indonesian Linguistics, (non publié) source http://monolith.eva.mpg.de/~gil/symposium2001/abstracts/alieva.html.

Alieva, Natalia Fedorovna, V. Arakin, A.K. Oglobin, and YU H. Sirk. 1991. Bahasa Indonesia - deskripsi dan teori. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Alwi, Hasan. 1992. Modalitas dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Kanisius.

Bybee, Joan, Revere Perkins, and William Pagliuca. 1994. The evolution of grammar; Tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of the world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Comrie, Bernard. 1976. Aspect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Culioli, Antoine. 1999. Pour une linguistique de l’énonciation: domaine notionnel (Tome 3). Gap: Ophrys.

Dahli, Osten and Eva Hedin. 2000. “Current relevance and event reference”, in: O. Dahl (ed.), Tense and aspect in the languages of Europe, pp. 385-401. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Gonda, J. 1973. Sanskrit in Indonesia. New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture.

Grangé, Philippe. 2006. Temps et aspect en indonésien. PhD thesis, Université de Poitiers, Poitiers.

Harrison, Rick. 2002. Verb aspect, (http://www.rick.harrison.net/langlab/aspect.html), accessed 6 November 2004.

Kaswanti Purwo, Bambang. 1984. Deiksis dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Mac Coy, Iwen Husein. 1986. Tense and aspect: a comparative study of meaning in English and Bahasa Indonesia. PhD thesis, University of Texas, Austin.

Macdonald, Ross R. and Soenjono Dardjowidjojo. 1967. A student’s reference grammar of modern formal Indonesian. Washington: Georgetown University Press.

Proudfoot, Ian. 2002. Malay Concordance Project, (http://www.anu.edu.au/asianstudies/proudfoot/MCP/Q/info.html), accessed 6 January 2006.

Sneddon, James Neil. 1996. Indonesian, a comprehensive grammar. London: Routledge.

Tadjuddin, Mohammad. 1993. Pengungkapan makna aspektualitas Bahasa Rusia dalam Bahasa Indonesia: suatu telaah tentang aspek dan aksionalitas. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Tadjuddin, Mohammad. 2005. Aspektualitas dalam kajian linguistik. Bandung: Alumni.

Vendler, Zeno. 1967. Linguistics in philosophy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Verkuyl, Henk J. 1993. A theory of aspectuality - the interaction between temporal and atemporal structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17510/wjhi.v12i2.117

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free counters!          https://lh3.ggpht.com/x7QqTfmSv9q5a91R09N98xaZcp2aoVSehSpRIc5ZfwYo28BQ-EsKqXI3pjcRZydxriU=w124         https://abs.twimg.com/icons/apple-touch-icon-192x192.png